Periodontal Disease Treatment for Dental Patients

Scaling and root planing. Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease or pyorrhea) is an infection of the gum and the bone supporting the teeth. They are often painless, and you may not realize you have a problem until the gums and the supporting bone are seriously damaged. The important thing is that you can treat periodontal diseases in the early stages with detartraje (removal of tartar) and root planning. Periodontal surgery is required in advanced cases. During a checkup, the dentist determines if your gums have periodontal problems. The dentist uses an instrument called a periodontal probe to gently measure the depth between your teeth and gums.


At the edge of the gumline, the healthy gum tissue forms a shallow groove in the form of V (called a sulcus) between the tooth and gums. The normal sulcus depth should be 3 mm or less. In periodontal disease, the sulcus gets deeper and accumulates more dental bacteria and it is difficult to keep it clean. If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease, your dentist can treat, or can refer you to a periodontal specialist; a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases. Treatment often depends on how advanced the condition is and how your body responds to therapy.

Prevention and Treatment

Prevention includes a good daily oral hygiene routine. Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and cleaning between the teeth once a day with floss or another interdental cleaner helps prevent plaque formation. Regular dental checkups and cleanings are important. Scaling and root planning is a method for treating periodontal disease when pockets are greater than 3mm.


The detartraje is used to remove plaque and tartar below the gumline. Local anesthesia can be given to reduce discomfort. Then, by using a small scraping tool or an ultrasonic cleaner, the dental hygienist carefully removes plaque and tartar from the bottom of each periodontal pocket. The root surfaces of the teeth become soft and smooth. This allows the gum tissue to heal. It also makes it difficult for plaque to accumulate on root surfaces.


Your dentist may recommend, prescribe and administer medication to help control the infection and the pain and to promote healing. During a follow-up appointment, the dentist will check how the gums have healed and how the periodontal pockets have decreased. If the bags are still more than 3 mm after treatment, there may be additional measures.


You will be instructed on how to take care of the teeth and gums while they heal, maintaining a good oral hygiene and keeping close monitoring, sometimes for life. Periodical visits to the dentist are essential to help prevent periodontal disease from getting worse or recurring.

Periodontal Disease Treatment for Dental Patient - Servicio Dental - Dra. Nelly Valencia

Contact Us

Office Dra. Nelly Valencia

The Office of Dr. Nelly Valencia DDS, PA is open for your dental needs, Monday to Friday and one Saturday every month, so you won't have to miss a day at work and you will have time to recover.

Call us now or send an e-mail with your questions and we will gladly assist you


4011 West Flagler St, Suite 201
Miami, Florida 33134
Phone: 305-649-4242
Email de ClĂ­nica:
Haga Click para ver mapa



Dental care is available by appointment only. We also offer Saturday appointments to see specialists, periodontist, Maxillofacial Surgery, Endodontics and Implants.

We have expanded our schedule to give a better dental service to the community. Call or e-mail us with your information to avert an appointment. We want to be your dentist in Miami.